The Fundamentals of Cinema


The fundamentals of cinema remain unchanged over the past century, despite the various formats of film communication. This book explores the evolution of cinema and introduces the fundamentals of cinematic communication. The book demonstrates how the fundamentals of cinema remain fairly constant, from traditional filmmaking to the digital cinema of today. You will learn about the basic tenets of cinema, including its intensity, intimacy, and ubiquity. Whether you're a novice to film criticism or a seasoned professional, this book is for you.


Film is a cultural form where the experience of a scene is marked by its intensity. Intensity can be characterized by excess, utmost reduction, variation, dynamism, line, or process. Intensity is linked to other terms like dynamism, pathos, or enigmatic character. Intensity is a fundamental category in cinema and is closely related to pathos and enigmatism.


During the last century, cinema has become a medium that explores our relationship with intimacy. Despite the widespread belief that cinema should be free of the sexuality issue, many critics argue that films promoting intimacy should be censored. The truth is that we are not free from the desire to have intimacy, but we are not free from the need to avoid it. We can, however, control how we react to revealing intimate images in our films.


Film has achieved ubiquity in human culture, with worldwide attendance at cinemas surpassing six billion people in 2009. In 2009, global box office receipts reached $30 billion. This massive economic impact also reflects the convergent nature of cinema, which enables its consumption to take place across many channels. DVD and Blu-ray sales in major territories combined in 2009 reached $32.5 billion and over 1.1 billion units were sold.

Appreciative criticism

Cinema appreciation criticism can be classified into two main categories: film reviews and critical analysis. The former involves analyzing films and sharing critical analysis with others around the water cooler. The latter focuses on the experience of watching films, including the childlike thrill of seeing a hero do something daring. Both categories can be equally valuable in film analysis, but one has a more narrow target audience. In addition to film reviews, cinema appreciation criticism also includes reviews by film critics.

3D film

The first cinema 3D film was The Power of Love, which was premiered at the Ambassador Hotel Theatre in Los Angeles. Cinema 3D uses two film strips, one red and one green, which are projected on top of each other and viewed with anaglyph colour filter glasses. Those who are unfamiliar with 3D films may wish to read "What is Cinema 3D?" to get a better understanding of what this new technology entails.