Donor Bills of Rights


Whether you're looking to make a tax-deductible contribution or to give in kind, knowing your rights can help you avoid common mistakes. The Giving Institute, the Association of Fundraising Professionals, and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education have all published Donor Bills of Rights, which can help you understand your options as a contributor. Here are the most important things you should keep in mind when you make a contribution. If you have any questions, please contact the Institute.

Tax-deductible contributions

You can make tax-deductible contributions to super from after-tax income, such as take-home pay, savings, or inheritance. The money may be paid to your super fund in one lump sum or on a regular basis via a direct debit. To claim a tax deduction, you must meet certain conditions. You can choose to contribute as soon as you receive the money, or you can wait until the end of the year and then claim the deduction on your tax return.

In-kind contributions

To acknowledge in-kind donations, nonprofits should keep a record of the donation as soon as the donor provides it. Depending on the volume, this process should happen more often. The nonprofit should include the name of the organization, EIN, date of receipt, and the value of the in-kind contribution. The acknowledgement should also include a disclaimer that explains that the donor is responsible for determining the value of the in-kind donation and any tax deductions.

Form 8283

Before a donor can deduct the value of donated property, they must file Form 8283, Section B, for each donee organization. The organization receiving the donated property must acknowledge receipt of the donation and confirm that it is a qualified organization. The organization must also affirm that it will file Form 8282 with the IRS and give the donor a copy. To do this, check the "Yes" box in Part IV of the Form.

Qualified appraisal

A qualified appraisal is an assessment of a property that meets the standards set forth by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). To qualify as a qualified appraisal, the property must have been valued by a qualified appraiser. An incorrect valuation could result in a reduced deduction for the donation, or worse, an IRS red flag for improper valuation. It is important to use a qualified appraiser, who must have the appropriate accreditation and a proven track record of competence in valuing property.

Written gift agreement

If you're planning to make a donation to a nonprofit, you'll need to create a written gift agreement. These agreements can be complicated and are meant to be specific and avoid misunderstandings. For example, it's best to include a clause stating that the recipient charity must hold the funds for a period of time. The written agreement can also contain a morality clause. These clauses may be important to protect your nonprofit's reputation or your ability to attract support.