focus on the macrobiotic diet.

The macrobiotic diet is one of the most chosen methods of the stars to display an irreproachable figure. Several celebrities, including Christina Aguiléra, Blake Lively, Cameron Diaz and Gwyneth Paltrow are followers. But more than a diet aimed at losing weight, it is a technique that aims to maintain health, in an ecological way.

The basic principles of the macrobiotic diet.

Macrobiotic comes from two Greek words “macro” and “bio” which mean “big” and “life” respectively. So the macrobiotic diet, what is it ? It is a way of life aimed at improving health and longevity.

Dating back to ancient Greece, the concept nevertheless disappeared until the middle of the 19e century. It was from this moment that the Japanese doctor called Sagan Ishizuka began to include the principle of this concept in his own healing methods.

Right after his death, the practice once again faded until the early 20e century. When a certain George Ohsawa followed the diet to cure tuberculosis. And he made a full recovery. Since then, the macrobiotic diet has developed from the Japanese archipelago to Europe, then to all four corners of the globe.

What is the macrobiotic diet?

At the beginning, the macrobiotic diet consists of sleeping well, exercising outdoors and eating seasonal foods, mainly plants. Over the years, small changes have been noticed. Today, the macrobiotic diet is based on three food principles:

  • yin and yang: the macrobiotic diet will include yin foods and yang foods. These are respectively foods that cool the body and foods that warm it up and give it more energy.
  • Acid and alkaline: the macrobiotic diet must adopt an alkalizing diet to have a blood pH greater than 7.
  • Harmony with nature: the macrobiotic diet favors plants.

In addition to these principles, the macrobiotic diet has two more requirements. It is to enjoy life and respect the environment. In particular, one must conform to the 5 elements, including earth, metal, water, wood and fire.

What are the preferred foods?

A macrobiotic diet meal should consist of:

  • 50% whole grains: the choice is wide, ranging from quinoa to millet and black rice.
  • 30% locally grown fresh seasonal vegetables. In particular, leafy vegetables such as lettuce, watercress, kale, chard, are to be favored.
  • 20% protein: vegetable proteins from beans and soybeans are highly recommended. It is possible to eat fish and seafood, but in very small quantities and occasionally.

When it comes to foods to eliminate, the macrobiotic diet avoids chemicals, processed foods, dairy, and animal protein, except fish, among others. It also bans oilseeds, alcohol, black tea, coffee, soft drinks, molasses, honey, fruits, refined sugar.

When it comes to cooking techniques, the Macrobiotic Diet endorses simmering, steaming, boiling, and sautéing. Raw consumption is also preferred.

Regarding the way of cooking, it is good to note that not all types of spices and oils can be used. Regarding spices, only Japanese condiments and flavorings such as seaweed, ginger, etc. are allowed. In the case of oils, those from coconut and olive should be avoided. Instead, mustard seed oil, corn oil, unrefined vegetable oil, sesame oil are preferred.

What are the health benefits of the macrobiotic diet?

The macrobiotic diet is rich in whole foods, fresh local produce. There's no alcohol, caffeine, artificial ingredients, added chemicals, and even less sugar. There are no dairy products, meat, coconut and olive oil. Considering this, this dietary lifestyle lowers cholesterol and blood lipids. Also, it helps in weight loss.

If you are overweight, you are encouraged to follow the diet macrobiotic for weight loss. If you have heart problems, suffer from reactive hypoglycemia, or are a type II diabetic, the dietary aspects of the diet will benefit you greatly.

Another benefit of the macrobiotic diet is the fact that it can prevent certain cancers, including colon cancer, from developing. Also, you can combine it with other specific diets like vegan diets.

Being free of dairy products, and very low in animal protein, the macrobiotic diet can be the cause of deficiencies, including calcium and vitamin B12. Therefore, it is not for everyone, especially children, teenagers and pregnant women. Before you decide to make major changes to your dietary lifestyle, it is advisable to seek the advice of your doctor or dietitian.

* Presse Santé strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information given can not replace the advice of a health professional.

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