How Health Factors Affect the State of Health


The World Health Organization defines health as a state of total physical, mental, and social well-being, which is free of disease, infirmity, or other conditions that reduce a person's quality of life. Although there are many variations on these definitions, they all share the same basic components. In this article, we'll explore how different health factors affect the state of health. The first section discusses the social determinants of health, while the second addresses how the organization, financing, and management of health care affects health.

Canguilhem's definition of health

Georges Canguilhem was a French physician who was born in Castelnaudary near Toulouse. At the age of 32, he entered medical school and was awarded the title "Essais sur la physiologie." After graduating from medical school, he practiced in the Auvergne region during World War II and became a professor of history and philosophy of science at the Sorbonne. His definition of health reflects a wide range of views about the human condition.

Canguilhem's definition of social determinants of health

In 1943, Canguilhem described the concept of social determinants of health as "the societal or individual conditions that determine health," rather than "the physiology of individuals." He conceived of individuality as a "complete organic totality," and associates it with the organism. The idea of individuality is still used in determinism, but Canguilhem distinguishes it from the concept of "ontological status" and applies it only to an organism.

Influence of organization, financing, and management of health care on quality

The study population consisted of general medical/surgical hospitals in New York State that participated in the CMS inpatient prospective payment system, except for some smaller, non-government owned, and specialty hospitals. In addition, the study excluded federal hospitals, smaller, nonprofit hospitals, and ancillary facilities that did not have reliable financial information. The authors of the study credited the institutions' leaders for their contributions to improving health.


The concept of cost in economics is a useful tool for analyzing health care costs. While health costs are not always direct, they can be helpful in assessing the impact of alternative programs or interventions. For example, the costs associated with health conditions are often directly related to the costs of healthcare systems. The following table details the types of health care costs and their relative contributions to the economy. This article will discuss two types of costs, direct and avoided.


Access to health information is a crucial part of the patient engagement process. Prior to the law, patients could only request copies of their records. But now, thanks to the 21st Century Cures Act, patients can access their records instantly, reducing costs and delays. Several issues have arisen from the Act, but the most pressing concern is how to enforce patient access rights. Here are some tips to make your rights clearer: