Dr. Mona Omar Suleiman
Tooth decay is a common problem that many people suffer from, especially those who are young or neglect their dental health. Caries is represented by the presence of necrosis in the tooth, which starts small and then gradually expands, and sometimes when it reaches advanced stages, the tooth breaks and the gums are very inflamed, accompanied by a sensation of pain when drinking water or eating food, and can reach severe pain with the inability to sleep. .
Here's how to keep your teeth healthy:
1- Cleaning the teeth on a daily basis, and it is recommended that the number of washes and toothpaste be not less than twice in the morning and in the evening, and it is recommended to brush your teeth after each meal, to get rid of food plankton, and to eliminate germs and bacteria that cause decomposition.
2- Reduce the intake of foods and drinks that contain sugar; Because it increases the risk of tooth decay, such as sweets, chocolate, soft drinks, jams and ice cream.
3- Avoid smoking or hookah; Because they help wear down teeth and tooth decay and cause bad breath in the mouth.
4- Eat healthy foods that contain calcium, necessary for a healthy age, such as milk and its derivatives of cheese and dairy products, and fresh fruit.
5- Avoid using your teeth in addition to gnawing food, as some people resort to cutting sewing thread with their teeth, or even tearing a piece of cloth with their teeth instead of using scissors. caries.
6- Use of dental floss, mouthwash with toothbrush and toothpaste. And taking care of the health of the gums, in some cases, diseased gums cause tooth decay and rot.
7- Do not ignore teeth that need urgent medical filling.Some people, when they stop feeling pain, refrain from visiting the dentist, forgetting that this neglect will cost them the loss of teeth due to their progressive cavities, and that people who are exposed to accidents the loss of some teeth quickly compensates; The spaces between the teeth cause tooth decay.
8- Do not use another person's personal items, or allow others to use them, such as a fork, spoon or toothbrush, which transmit germs and can cause tooth decay.
Prevention of dental caries
Caries can be prevented by taking care of your oral and dental health and hygiene, and below is a set of tips for preventing tooth decay and tooth decay:
* Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste after eating and drinking. It is recommended that you brush your teeth at least twice a day.
* It is recommended to use dental floss to remove food debris stuck between the teeth.
* Rinse the mouth with fluoride, and this is recommended for people who are most at risk of developing tooth decay and tooth decay.
* Periodically visit the dentist; In order to get periodic oral and dental hygiene advice, detect any problems and resolve them early.
* Drink water containing fluoride; It contains concentrations of fluoride that reduce the risk of tooth decay and drinking fluoride-free bottled water leads to depriving you of the benefits of this important element for dental health. Avoid frequent meals throughout the day; The frequent consumption of meals throughout the day, and many of them, leads to the exposure of the teeth to a continuous attack of acid secretions secreted by bacteria.
* The use of a dental sealant, crevice sealant, in the form of material placed on the surfaces of the back molars.This material helps to fill the gaps and canals where food remnants accumulate and also protects the enamel layer from exposure to acids and dental plaque. It is worth noting that this substance can be left on for several years before it needs to be replaced, and you just need to periodically check and make sure of its safety and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the use of this substance for all children in the school age and fluoride treatment.
* Consuming certain foods can prevent tooth decay and tooth decay, such as eating fiber-rich fruits and vegetables, foods rich in calcium, drinking sugar-free black or green tea, and chewing sugar-free xylitol-rich gum.
NMC Royal Hospital, Sharjah