Repetition in cinema is a powerful tool to highlight important scenes, even those of short duration. Repetition of the same scene from different angles, distances, and close-ups can draw attention to important scenes. Hence, repetition can create tension by emphasizing certain key moments of the film. Repetition in cinema can create an enduring impression, as it creates an atmosphere and evokes emotions. Here are some examples of how repetition in cinema works.
The kinetoscope was an early form of film projection. It began in the late 1880s, when Thomas Edison introduced the device to a convention of the National Federation of Women's Clubs in New York. Edison failed to obtain international patents for his invention, which led to many copies of the device appearing on the market. A colorful group of showmen also took advantage of the kinetoscope, so the inventors lost control of the European market. Nevertheless, they were able to introduce a new camera in 1895, which was called the Kinetophone. The Kinetoscope was not a commercially viable invention, but its innovation led to the development of cinema around the world.
The kinetoscope was an early form of motion picture exhibition, designed for the viewing of only a single person. Before video was invented, the kinetoscope was the first film projection device to introduce a basic cinematic projection method. The kinetoscope conveyed sequential images onto a perforated film that was mounted over a light source. It was difficult to watch this method of projection, so viewers had to use headphones to hear the sound.
The cinematographe was an early term used to describe motion picture film mechanisms. It applied to film projectors, movie cameras, and complete systems for making and printing films. It also referred to the early inventions of film projectors. Today, the term cinematograph is more commonly used to refer to film projectors. It is also used to describe the way the process of film production began. The early cinematograph is a classic example of early motion picture film mechanisms.
The cinematographe was invented to improve on Edison's kinetoscope. Inventors, including Antoine Lumiere and Auguste and Louis Bouly, wanted to take Edison's films outside of the "Edison box." They set to work at the end of 1894, and Louis Lumiere created a new camera for this purpose in 1895. The Cinematographe became the first movie projector designed for group viewing. It was powered by hand crank instead of electricity and had a smaller profile than the kinetoscope.
Before the advent of video, the kinetoscope was the most basic method of cinematic projection. It used a perforated film with sequential images affixed to it to project them over a light source. This process required viewers to wear a pair of headphones to listen to the film. The kinetograph was not a successful technology, and was soon scrapped. It was still, however, an important step towards the evolution of cinema.
In 1882, Etienne Jules Marey, a veterinary student, devised a rotating camera. Similar to a rifle, it used a cartridge to advance the film and took images in rapid succession. The film roll was paused just before the shutter opened, creating a picture frame. Today's cinema is made with digital technology, which allows viewers to see pictures on the screen. However, the kinetograph's earliest films have a grainy look and are not generally suitable for home use.