Exercising is a key element in maintaining good health. The World Health Organization insists on the importance of physical activity to avoid complications and the development of non-communicable diseases.
“Regular physical activity has been shown to help prevent and control non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and various types of cancer. It also helps prevent hypertension, maintain a healthy body weight and can improve mental health, quality of life and well-being.” indicates this organization.
Also, exercising regularly brings different benefits for the physical and mental health of the human being. Among these, a decrease in symptoms of depression and anxiety, improvement in reasoning and judgment skills and general well-being are highlighted.
Another benefit that can be highlighted from physical activity is that it is a healthy habit that helps manage diabetes. According to the Mayo Clinic, a non-profit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research, when exercising, muscles use glucose for energy. Exercising helps the body use insulin efficiently.
“These factors work together to lower the level of glucose in the blood. The more vigorous your physical activity, the longer the effect will last. But even light activities, such as housework, gardening or standing for long periods, can improve the level of glucose in the blood", explains the health entity.
It is important to consult a doctor before starting to exercise in order to receive the appropriate advice and recommendations, especially a training plan according to needs.
As indicated Medline Plus, website of the US National Library of Medicine, some people with diabetes need to have some preliminary tests to make exercise safe. "Some types of intense exercise can make your eyes worse if you already have diabetic eye disease. You should have an eye exam before starting a new exercise program."
It is also necessary to measure glucose levels before, during and after physical activity, especially if you take insulin or medication.
"Pay attention to low blood glucose warning signs, such as feeling shaky, weak, tired, hungry, light-headed, irritable, anxious, or confused," advises the Mayo Clinic.
Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the way the body converts food into energy is affected. There are three types:
Type 1 diabetes: it is characterized by being the least common, it can occur at any age (children, young people and adults) and happens when there is deficient insulin production or there is minimal amounts.
Type 2 diabetes: it is the most common and its symptoms are silent, so some people do not know that they suffer from the disease and this increases the risk of complications to your health condition.
Finally there is gestational diabetes which, as the name suggests, occurs during pregnancy and increases complications during childbirth; in addition, it increases the risk that mother and child will develop type 2 diabetes in the future.
Over time, if not treated promptly, high blood glucose levels can damage the blood vessels and lenses of the eyes. This affectation can cause eye problems, even blindness.
Symptoms of diabetes