Indigenous children are left without textbooks in their mother tongue due to educational reform - El Heraldo de Chihuahua
Due to the educational reform that is proposed for the school year, girls and boys in indigenous education will not have textbooks in their language. An attempt will be made to update them in accordance with the new provisions.
The 333 indigenous education schools will not receive textbooks in the mother tongue for third and fourth grades, since the project that was suspended due to the upcoming reform and after the pandemic as a result of Covid-19
Chihuahua was the first entity to publish textbooks in the Ralámuli language, high and low Tarahumara, Ódami, Warijó and Oichkama. In December 2018, the books and guides were delivered to 348 teachers who attended the students.
As of 2019, first and second grade girls and boys were able to study in their mother tongue, a strategy that allowed for the inclusion and preservation of the language, thanks to the work of the National Pedagogical University of the State of Chihuahua. The pandemic prevented the work from continuing.
Teacher Silvia Tello, head of the Department of Indigenous, Migrant and Mennonite Education, reported that the project is "a little suspended" because they are working on educational reform.
It should be noted that the General Directorate of Indigenous, Intercultural and Bilingual Education of the Ministry of Public Education (SEP) invited the National Pedagogical University of the State of Chihuahua (UPNECh), to participate in the project to develop study programs and books free textbooks for first and second grades of primary school, as well as teacher orientation guides.
The works allowed to integrate the social practices of the language that the indigenous communities use in their daily lives and that are recovered in the linguistic components, orality, written expression, reading and reflection on the language that are expressed in the content of each one of the educational materials.
Teacher Tello mentioned that the books for the first and second grades are already published, but they will need to be updated according to the current curricular frameworks, in addition to the fact that the third and fourth grade books were produced, "The pandemic came to us and we could no longer continue for editing. We have pending the elaboration of the fifth and sixth grade books”.
He stressed that it is intended to update the books in accordance with the new provisions and curricular frameworks so that they can be distributed to students.
In the first phase, 6,525 male and female students from 333 schools located in municipalities such as Batopilas, Balleza, Guachochi, Urique, and Bocoyna benefited, as well as in urban settlements in Chihuahua and Cuauhtémoc, where the aim is to preserve native languages.
Currently, teachers must make the appropriate adjustments so that students in subsequent grades can continue to receive education in their language.
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Teachers must continue to teach in their original language. The textbooks were for the subjects of Spanish, Mathematics, Knowledge of the Environment and Civic and Ethical Education.
The teacher stressed that work will continue so that all students receive the appropriate materials. "We hope to have the support of the educational and traditional authorities to work on the construction of materials in native languages for the benefit of indigenous children in the state."