Minister Kamp could have intervened in 2013 on high fuel extraction | NOW

Even the then Minister of Economic climate (EZ) Henk Kamp could have intervened in 2013 on the extraction of fuel from the Groningen industry. In May perhaps it turned clear that that year's attract would be considerably better than the former 12 months. A sensitive situation, mainly because the regulator experienced recommended a minimize in production in the identical yr.

If Kamp had intervened, he would have saved 8 billion cubic meters of fuel. Previous GasTerra CEO Anton Broenink explained to the fee of inquiry on Friday.

In 2013, close to 54 billion cubic meters of gas were being extracted from the Groningen industry. A document considering that 1981. For several Groningen residents this is even now a unpleasant celebration. They question how this could have transpired. Amid other points, the fee of inquiry is searching for an remedy to this question.

In January 2013, the State Mining Supervision (SodM) recommended cutting down gasoline extraction. Kamp has consequently determined not to comply with this assistance. Additional analysis experienced to be performed very first. Even when that year's manufacturing turned out to be bigger, the minister did not intervene. Broenink approximated that if he did, the extraction for that 12 months would have been 45 billion cubic meters.

At the time, Broenink was concerned about extra manufacturing, he told the committee. The coverage of GasTerra - and consequently of the state and oil companies Shell and Exxon - was thus to "improve the Groningen field". "Is it intelligent?" Broenink wondered.

He contacted the then senior formal of the Ministry of Financial state, Jos de Groot. He indicated that it was just GasTerra's intention to carry on with this policy.

De Groot was questioned on Thursday by the commission of inquiry. He then indicated that Kamp was not content with the larger acquire, but that "the damage experienced presently been completed". According to Broenink, 8 billion cubic meters significantly less could have been extracted.

"We are in dire need of money"

From the interrogation with Broenink it also emerged, as in previous interrogations, that the proceeds of gas in people several years have been crucial for the state. In 2014 Kamp experienced decided to extract a most of 42.5 billion cubic meters of gasoline from the Groningen subject that 12 months.

It didn't look that simple, so GasTerra had to perform challenging to get to this. This was also a ministry wish, according to Broenink's story. He had visited Kamp in June. He mentioned they must be shut to 42.5 billion cubic meters. "I keep in mind he stated the phrase 'because we truly need to have the money'."

"The Huizinge earthquake was not in the thoughts of the director of GasTerra"

Just after Broenink's interrogation, it was the change of his former manager Gertjan Lankhorst. He was the director of GasTerra from 2006 to 2016.

He informed the committee that the Huizinge earthquake and its affect in the drop of 2012 were being "not at the middle." he did not offer with it in the course of that time.

It was diverse for Broenink. He explained the earthquake prompted him and his staff to begin generating potential eventualities doable. He suspected the occasion could guide to a diverse plan for the Groningen camp.

Broenink: Calculation is not a "finger exercise" but major function

In that autumn, the Ministry of Economic climate also requested GasTerra what the minimum amount generation of the Groningen field should really be in purchase to assurance security of source. Broenink's calculations showed that this would be 27 billion cubic meters in an common 12 months in terms of temperature. That was 20 billion cubic meters significantly less than what was gained in 2012.

Lankhorst shared the results with the ministry. They took it as a observe but did absolutely nothing else as considerably as we know. Former senior formal Jos de Groot named it a "finger physical exercise" only on Thursday.

Broenink disputed this for the duration of his interrogation. "This was major get the job done. With a finger workout I am quick of my crew." He did not receive any support from Lankhorst. According to him, "the sums" ended up built "in excellent haste".

The direct cut in output would have price tag the condition 5 billion

In accordance to Broenink, who executed an evaluation in the very same 12 months, it would have been possible to quickly decrease the extraction of gasoline from the Groningen field. She also shared these conclusions with the Ministry of Financial system ahead of Kamp was to make a choice in January 2013.

GasTerra was meant to obtain again gas volume. Possibly at a larger selling price than what it was offered for, both equally Broenink and Lankhorst stated. The latter added that cutting down gasoline extraction was theoretically a risk, but that it experienced not been verified at the time no matter if it was viable.

To guarantee security of source, a lot more of Groningen's gasoline experienced to be counterfeited with nitrogen. Groningen gas is so-called reduced-calorie. Our central heating boilers work on it. The foreign gas has a high calorific price. You can deliver reduced calorie gasoline with nitrogen. But the installations desired for this strategy experienced been standing nonetheless for 10 yrs at the time.

According to the former director of GasTerra, if it had been made the decision to promptly minimize creation, it would have value the state treasury 5 billion euros.