Artemis: Why did NASA choose to name its mission after the goddess huntress?

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In Greek mythology, Artemis is the goddess of hunting, forests, wildlife, and the moon. She is also the twin sister of Apollo, the god of the sun, music and poetry. In their old artistic incarnations, the twins knew a common hobby: the crossbow, so perhaps the US space agency, NASA, chose to name its missions to the moon, after them.

It is not new for space scientists to name their tasks after the names of the Greek gods, especially since most of the names of the planets are also inspired by the names of the gods of ancient civilizations. Half a century after the last "Apollo" flight, "NASA" has revived its program to send humans to the moon, within a new program called "Artemis".

The "Apollo 11" spacecraft carried the first man to the moon in 1969, and was part of a program of the same name, which continued to launch vehicles to the moon until 1972, before it was retired.

What is the goal of the Artemis mission?

After being delayed last week due to an engine failure, the program's first flights, via the Artemis 1 spacecraft, are expected to take off towards the moon.