The environmental crisis in the countryside is hidden, take precautionary measures to enjoy the fun of autumn travel | life affairs

Stepping into autumn, it is a good time for hiking in the countryside. Although the natural scenery is pleasing to the eye, for those who love outdoor activities, there are many dangers in the countryside. Apart from the chance of encountering mosquito bites, it is more likely In the event of other wild animals attacking, everyone should make adequate precautions before going out, and more importantly, know how to deal with injuries, so as to have no worries and enjoy the fun of autumn travel.

Although the weather is still hot recently, after the beginning of autumn, the heat has gradually subsided, and the weather has become much drier. The days when the weather is clear and clear is the time for outings. However, whether hiking in the mountains or camping and picnicking, you may face various injuries or physical discomfort. What we are talking about here is not that the rough mountain road will cause a sprain or heat stroke in the extreme heat, but that there is a chance to be affected by the natural world. disturbed by insects or animals. Many people may not care about it. In fact, many snakes and insects in nature bring risks of physical damage to humans. The most common one is of course mosquitoes. In addition, ticks, red fire ants and bees are also invasive. As for snakes, although they seldom attack people actively, they are equally unavoidable.

Outing in autumn, first aid memo, all-weather anti-snake and insect poisoning.

Bites by different insects and animals have different symptoms. In some cases, only mild skin itching and swelling and pain may appear, but in severe cases, allergic inflammation, or pus-filled blisters may also occur. Mosquitoes or ticks may also carry The vector of the virus, if injured by it, may contract serious infectious diseases such as dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, or jungle typhus and spotted fever. As for bee stings or snake bites, because they may be poisonous, they may be life-threatening, and they should not be taken lightly.

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Use an effective mosquito repellent

To avoid mosquito bites, outings must know how to protect themselves and take preventive measures, such as hiking and entering jungle areas, try to wear loose, light-colored long-sleeved shirts and trousers, and wear shoes that fully cover the feet Avoid wearing slippers and sandals, and also avoid using perfume or scented cosmetics and skin care products. It is best to avoid walking through grass or wet and dark places on the way. When starting, you can spray on exposed skin and clothes. Mosquito repellent containing DEET (children or pregnant women should use low-concentration DEET anti-mosquito products).

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If you are bitten by mosquitoes and ticks, you should handle it with care. In addition to not scratching the affected area, you can also apply anti-allergic medicine or ice to reduce swelling. If a tick is found attached to the body, use sharp pliers to close the skin to pull the tick out, then disinfect the bitten site and wash hands with soap and water. Remember not to crush the tick when removing the tick, so as to avoid the skin from contaminating the tissue debris of the tick. and infected.

Snake bites need to be identified

In addition to preventing mosquitoes and ticks when hiking, you should also be prepared to encounter red fire ants, bees and snakes, because many of these insects and animals are poisonous. as a result of. If you see a beehive in the countryside, you should try to take a detour. If you are attacked by bees, it is best to sit down and curl your body, and cover your head and neck with clothes to wait for the bees to disperse. Be careful to pull out the honey-tip needle, avoid pulling the needle by squeezing it with your hands, which will cause the toxin to enter the skin faster and make the symptoms more serious. After that, you can use alkaline ammonia or soda water to neutralize the acidity of bee venom. If there is swelling and pain, you can lightly press the wound with a cold wet towel or apply ice packs.

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In addition, when encountering red fire ants or snakes, you should also handle them with caution. The former often haunt the grass, orchards, or stacked stones and wood blocks. You should pay attention to avoid touching the RIFA nests when you are hiking on weekdays. Antihistamine creams can be applied, or ice packs can be used to reduce swelling. As for being bitten by a snake, you should call the police immediately. The injured person should not move around to avoid the spread of snake venom. In addition to washing the wound with soap and water as much as possible, the injured person should also lie down and place the snake bite at a position lower than the heart. Immediately tie the area above the wound with a cloth or clothing to slow blood flow.

It should be noted that, whether bitten by mosquitoes and red fire ants, or bitten by bee stings, in addition to slight swelling and pain, severe allergic reactions may also occur due to the venom, such as difficulty breathing, dizziness, nausea , or even shock and other conditions, you must be sent to the hospital for medical treatment. Due to the wide variety of snakes, the bitten person or fellow traveller should try to take pictures under safe conditions to record the size, color and pattern of the snake to help doctors identify the type and use appropriate serum or medicine to treat the wound.