The specialties most requested by women in the ENARM

  • An investigation of the scientific journal Archives of Medical Research identified the participation of women within medical specialties in Mexico.
  • During the last 15 years, a total of 42,647 applicants have passed the ENARM to pursue a specialty.
  • Of the above figure, 52% corresponds to women.

A problem that prevailed in the field of Medicine for centuries is that it was thought to be an area exclusively for men. Fortunately, this is not the case now and the most notorious example can be seen in universities. In the case of our country the Women now are not only satisfied with being doctors but more and more they present the National Examination of Applicants to Medical Residencies (ENARM) to become specialists.

The woman who paved the way for others in Mexico

Before moving forward, it is necessary to remember the work and legacy of Matilde Montoya Lafraga, who was the first woman to obtain a doctorate degree in Mexico. This historical fact happened in 1887 and if you analyze it carefully it was not too long ago.

After much effort and breaking down prejudices, she finally achieved recognition as a Doctor of Surgery and Obstetrics by the Faculty of Medicine of Mexico. With this she opened the way for all women in our country.

But now it is time to focus on what is happening in the present. The participation that the women in health is getting bigger and bigger and they are even already a majority in the ENARM.

As an example, the scientific journal of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), Archives of Medical Research, conducted a study. Your title is Trends in Medical Specialization and Employability in Mexico According to Gender and consisted of analyzing the people who have presented this test during the last 15 years.

One of the most attractive things is that during this period a total of 42 thousand 647 have achieved a place to study a specialty. Of that figure, 52 percent correspond to women.

The specialties most requested by women in the ENARM. Image: Bigstock

Now, based on what was summarized by Medscapemost women tend to choose specialties with pre-established schedules, fewer emergencies and fewer surgeries.

The specialties most chosen by women in the ENARM

  • Audiology.
  • Geriatrics.
  • Internal Medicine.
  • Pediatrics.
  • Emergencies.

At the same time, the research also identified the specialties and subspecialties that have less female participation. Among those that stand out because more than half of the residents are male are the following:

  • Cardiology.
  • clinical pathology
  • Epidemiology.
  • Family Medicine.
  • infectology.
  • Maternal-fetal medicine.
  • Neonatology.
  • Nuclear medicine.
  • Pathology.
  • pediatric pulmonology.
  • Pediatric pathology.
  • pediatric hematology.

When will the ENARM 2022 be?

This year's test is scheduled to take place from September 27 to 29. Although the call emphasizes that the date is subject to last minute changes due to the Covid-19 health emergency. Although due to the recent evolution it seems unlikely that a modification will occur.

Available options

Like last year, the specialty selection will be made after taking the exam and not before, as was customary. While there are now 27 options available to choose from.

  • Pathological anatomy.
  • Anesthesiology.
  • Audiology, Otoneurology and Phoniatrics.
  • Quality of Clinical Care.
  • General Surgery.
  • Epidemiology.
  • Medical Genetics.
  • Geriatrics.
  • Gynecology and Obstetrics.
  • Imaging, Diagnostic and Therapeutic.
  • Sports and Physical Activity Medicine.
  • Rehabilitation Medicine.
  • Emergency Medicine.
  • Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
  • Family Medicine.
  • Internal Medicine.
  • Legal Medicine.
  • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.
  • Preventive medicine.
  • Pneumology.
  • Ophthalmology.
  • Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery.
  • Clinical Pathology.
  • Pediatrics.
  • Psychiatry.
  • Radiation Oncology.
  • Traumatology and orthopedics.

Publication of results

At the end of the application of the exam, each applicant will be informed of their score, which will be printed in duplicate, must be signed by hand and must keep an original. There is no reprint of the score report for any reason.

While the announcement indicates that during the month of November on the Internet page of the Interinstitutional Commission for the Training of Human Resources for Health (CIFRHS) the selected folios will be published.

Also read:

Who was the first professional female doctor in history?

Matilde Montoya Lafraga, the first Mexican doctor in history

One month to go until ENARM 2022: Everything you need to know