The normalization of relations between Morocco and Israel is taking shape over the months. – IsraelValley

ON RADIO J. The normalization of relations between the Morocco and Israel comes to fruition over the months.

In the program :

1.multiple chords,

2.direct commercial flights between the two countries and

3. reciprocal opening of embassies in “a few months”, according to the head of Israeli diplomacy Yair Lapid who made, on August 11, 2021, his first official visit to Rabat.

According to a recent poll, more than 40% of Moroccans support the agreement.

Political cooperation and cybersecurity.

A. Political cooperation, aviation, culture, sport… Several agreements were signed during the first official visit to Morocco by the Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs, Yaïr Lapid, who praised “the restoration of peace and friendship”.

B. One of the first achievements is undoubtedly the launch of direct commercial airlines between the two countries. Before the pandemic, tens of thousands of Israelis, mostly of Moroccan origin, visited the kingdom each year, but had to transit through other countries.

C. Morocco and Israel had also signed last July in Rabat a cooperation agreement on cyber defense, relating to ” operational cooperation, research, development and information sharing“, As the Israeli national cybersecurity directorate had indicated.

Recently, the kingdom was accused of having resorted to Pegasus spy software, designed by the Israeli company NSO. Rabat categorically denied “These false and unfounded allegations” and initiated legal proceedings.

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MOST. What do we know about standardization between the two countries and what is it really changing?

Normalization against Western Sahara.

The issue of normalizing relations between Rabat and Tel Aviv was relaunched in February 2020 during an official visit to Morocco by former US foreign minister Mike Pompeo. Morocco had shown itself ready to make a gesture in return for American support for the issue of Sahara occidental, a former Spanish colony claimed by both Moroccans and the separatists of the Polisario supported by Algeria.

In December, Washington officially recognized, for the first time in its history, the full sovereignty of Morocco over the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Morocco is committed on the road to standardization.

New Arab country on the list.

Morocco is the fourth Arab country after United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, to have normalized relations with Israel in 2020 under the leadership of the United States. Before them, there was Egypt in 1979, then Jordan in 1994 within the framework of peace agreements.

This is not the first time that Morocco has moved closer to Israel. The two countries maintained official relations from 1993 to 2000. There were no embassies, but “liaison offices” which closed following the second intifada (uprising) of the Palestinians. The latter take a dim view of the rapprochement with Israel and qualify it as “treason”. In Morocco, part of the population remains opposed to any normalization with the Hebrew state. According to a recent poll, more than 40% of Moroccans support the agreement.

A large Jewish community

Morocco’s Jewish community, present since Antiquity, is the largest in North Africa with nearly 3,000 people. A number that seems ridiculous in 2021 when we know that the kingdom has more than 30 million inhabitants. Yet in the 1940s, they were nearly 250,000, or 10% of the population.

But many left after the founding of Israel in 1948. Today, more than 700,000 Israelis are of Moroccan descent and often have kept strong ties with their country of origin.

Even before normalizing its diplomatic relations with Israel, Morocco launched a school reform that integrates the teaching of history and the culture of the Jewish community. A first in the Arab world.

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