Angina red is an acute inflammation of the throat. Very contagious, it manifests itself by a particularly red mucous membrane. Update on this frequent ENT pathology.
Red angina is a acute throat inflammation, more precisely tonsils. The mucous membrane that covers them (as well as the larynx) is particularly red after infection. This is what differentiates from white angina. For the same reason, it can also be confused with pharyngitis.
There are two types of angina red:
- L’erythematous angina or catarrhal red angina. It mainly concerns children under 10 years old. It may, in certain exceptional cases, complicate into a per-tonsillar phlegmon, that is to say an abscess capable of causing a trimus, a contraction of the masticatory muscles. This causes a blockage in the jaw.
- L’strep throat. It is the most dangerous, because it can lead to a acute articular rhumatism, rare upper airway disease. In addition to the inflammation of the tonsils, there is also vomiting and headaches. It can lead to many complications in the kidneys, joints and heart.
What are the causes of red angina?
Red angina is most often viral origin. It can be the consequence of another infectious disease such as measles, the rubella or the scarlatine. In this case, it is only one symptom among others.
Some bacteria can also be responsible for the appearance of red angina. The most common is group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (SGA). It can also be an infection with a staphylococcus, a meningococcus or one pneumococcus. The bacterial origin is rarer, but has more serious consequences.
It is imperative to practice a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) to determine the origin of angina, to treat it effectively with the appropriate treatment. This consists of a study of cells collected from the tonsils using a stick.
What are the symptoms of angina red?
Angina red is manifested by a red discoloration in the tonsils and pharynx as well as sharp pain in the throat, especially during swallowing.
There is also a fever, headache, swelling of the glands (lymphadenopathy), cough, a feeling of feverishness and sometimes even vomiting. The inability to eat or drink, difficulty in breathing or a high fever, however, should alert and push to consult a health professional at most vite.
How to treat red sore throat?
Treatment of red angina depends on the origin of the disease. In case of viral angina, the manifestations disappear on their own after a few days.
Management is therefore symptomatic: antipyretics against fever and analgesics against pain. Of gargarismes several times a day with sage or thyme infusions can also soothe sore throats.
The taking antibiotics is also necessary in connection with bacterial angina. It is important to follow the treatment to the end, in order toavoid relapse and contamination of loved ones.