UN Criticizes Plans of Hundreds of Countries including Indonesia to Overcome Climate Change Page all

KOMPAS.com – Despite all the promises of various countries’ leaders to take action, the world temperature is still heating up to dangerous levels. This is the latest outspoken assessment from the United Nations (UN).

Experts working for the United Nations have studied climate plans from more than 100 countries, including Indonesia, which they say have not increased their carbon emission reduction targets since 2015.

Experts at the United Nations conclude that we are heading in the wrong direction.

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Scientists recently stated that to avoid the worst impacts of rising temperatures, global carbon emissions would need to be reduced by 45 percent by 2030.

However, this analysis shows that carbon emissions will increase by 16 percent over that period.

This situation could eventually lead to a temperature rise of up to 2.7 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times. This is well above the limits set by the international community.

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“The 16 percent increase is a cause for great concern,” said Patricia Espinosa, head of the UN’s team of climate affairs negotiators.

“This stands in stark contrast to calls by science to reduce emissions rapidly, sustainably and on a large scale in order to prevent the most severe climate consequences and suffering, especially in the most vulnerable regions, around the world,” he said.

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This is a stark reminder of the scale of the issue that will be discussed at the COP26 climate conference. The event is scheduled to take place in Glasgow, Scotland, in the next six weeks.

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The main goal of this giant event is to maintain hope regarding efforts to limit global temperature rise by persuading countries to reduce their emissions.

Under the rules of the Paris Agreement on climate change, countries are required to update their carbon reduction plans every five years.

But the United Nations says that of the 191 countries that took part in the Paris Agreement, only 113 have so far made better promises.

Alok Sharma, President of the COP26 Conference, said that countries with ambitious climate plans are already bending the emission curve downwards.

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“But without action from all countries, especially with the largest economies, these efforts risk being in vain,” Sharma said.

A study by the Climate Action Tracker found that among the G20 group of leading industrialized countries, only a handful, including the UK and the US, have strengthened their emission reduction targets.

In another analysis, the World Resources Institute and Climate Analytics highlight how China, India, Saudi Arabia and Turkey have not submitted their latest plans.

These countries are responsible for 33 percent of global greenhouse gases.

Australia and Indonesia have the same carbon reduction targets as they did in 2015.

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Whereas the Paris Agreement is bound by a ratchet mechanism, which means the target set at the beginning of the agreement is the lowest basis for pursuing emission reduction targets.

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The same study also found that Brazil, Mexico, and Russia’s emissions would instead increase rather than shrink.

Meanwhile the poorest countries, which are most vulnerable to rising sea levels, temperatures and extreme droughts, prioritize rapid reductions in carbon emissions.

“G20 countries must take the lead in reducing emissions rapidly to mitigate the impacts of climate change,” said Sonam P Wangdi, chair of the Group of Least Developed Countries (LDCs).

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“They are the countries with the greatest capacity and responsibility. They can no longer step up and treat this crisis like any other crisis,” he said.

There is hope that China may revise its climate plans ahead of the COP26 conference in Glasgow.

As the world’s largest emitter, China has previously stated that it will peak emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

The announcement of more ambitious targets would provide a significant impetus to these climate talks. Even so, there are no clues about when or even if the plan could take place.

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